Highlights

image1

European Citizenship at the Crossroads


This book examines the changing role played by the European Union and international standards on loss and acquisition of nationality. It provides a comparative analysis of EU Member States regulations, administrative practices, court rulings and statistical data on questions related to loss of nationality and European citizenship. It assesses the multifaceted repercussions of the supranational venues of judicial and legal accountability over states autonomy and competences at times of deciding who is and who is not a citizen. The following questions are examined: to what the extent do EU Member States still hold the exclusive competence over domestic decisions in nationality matters? How do international and European legal principles and standards, as well as case-law by European courts progressively affect their margin of manoeuvre at times of deciding who is and who is not a ‘citizen’? What are the repercussions of their obligations in safeguarding citizenship of the Union? List of contents Preface 
   Gerard-René de Groot and Sergio Carrera Nuñez
About the Authors 
Abbreviations 
List of Tables and Figures 
Foreword 

   Zeta Georgiadou PART I: LOSS AND QUASI-LOSS OF NATIONALITY IN THE EU
Chapter 1 
Introduction: European Citizenship at a Crossroads
   Sergio Carrera Nuñez and Gerard-René de Groot
Chapter 2 
Survey on Rules on Loss of Nationality in International
Treaties and Case Law
   Gerard-René de Groot
Chapter 3 
A Comparative Analysis of Regulations on Involuntary
Loss of Nationality in the European Union
   Gerard-René de Groot and Maarten Peter Vink
Chapter 4
Reflections on Quasi-Loss of Nationality from
Comparative, International and European Perspectives
   Gerard-René de Groot and Patrick Wautelet
Chapter 5 
Mapping Statistics on Loss of Nationality in the EU:
A New Online Database
   Maarten Peter Vink and Ngo Chun Luk PART II: NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES AND DEVELOPMENTS
Chapter 6
Loss of Nationality in the Nordic Countries 185
   Eva Ersbøll
Chapter 7 
Deprivation of Citizenship:
The Latvian Example and EU Perspective
   Kristine Kruma
Chapter 8 
Is it Possible to Lose the Hungarian Nationality?
   Judit Tóth
Chapter 9 
Iberian Nationality Legislation and Sephardic Jews:
‘With due regard to European law’?
   Hans Ulrich Jessurun d’Oliveira
Chapter 10 
Attribution of Spanish Nationality to Children Born in Spain with the
Purpose of Avoiding Situations of Statelessness at Birth.
   Aurelia Álvarez Rodríguez and Guayasén
   Marrero González
Chapter 11 
How Much Does EU Citizenship Cost? The Maltese Citizenship-for-Sale
Affair: A Breakthrough for Sincere Cooperation in Citizenship of the Union?
   Sergio Carrera Nuñez PART III
ROTTMANN IN THE COURTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION:
A collection of judgements, pending cases and caselaw notes 1. AUSTRIA
Gerard-René de Groot
1.1. CASE 1: An Austrian husband of Macedonian origin 
1.1.1. Text of the judgement 
1.1.2. Case Note 
1.2. CASE 2: An Austrian wife of Nigerian origin 
1.2.1. Text of the judgement 
1.2.2. Case Note 
1.3. CASE 3: An Austrian husband of Turkish origin 
1.3.1. Text of the judgement 
1.3.2. Case Note  2. BELGIUM
   Patrick Wautelet
2.1. CASE 4: Two Belgian children born in China 
2.1.1. Text of the judgement 
2.1.2. Case Note  3. CYPRUS
   Nicoletta Charalambidou
3.1. CASE 5 
3.1.1. Text of the judgement 
3.1.2. Case Note  4. DENMARK
   Eva Ersbøll
4.1. PENDING CASE 
4.1.1. Case description  5. GERMANY
   Gerard-René de Groot
5.1. CASE 6: The fate of Janko Rottmann 
5.1.1. Text of the judgement 
5.1.2. Case Note 
5.2. CASE 7: A German with Turkish roots 
5.2.1. Text of the judgement 
5.2.2. Case Note  6. LATVIA
   Kristine Kruma
6.1. CASE 8: A Latvian with a Russian background 
6.1.1. Text of the judgement: Court of First Instance 
6.1.2. Text of the judgement: Latvian Supreme Court 
6.1.3. Case Note  7. MALTA
   Daniela DeBono
7.1. CASE 9 
7.1.1. Text of the judgements: First Hall of the Constitutional Court 
7.1.2. Text of the judgements: Court of Appeals of the Constitutional Court 
7.1.3. Case Note  8. THE NETHERLANDS
   Ngo Chun Luk
8.1. Combined Case Note 
8.2. CASE 10: Parental error 
8.3. CASE 11: Syrian, not Iraqi 
8.4. CASE 12: Unintentional fraud 
8.5. CASE 13: Fictitious parentage 
8.6. CASE 14: Bigamous Egyptian 
8.7. CASE 15: Hidden criminal antecedents 
8.8. CASE 16: Identity fraud in Limburg 
8.9. Final Remarks 
8.10. Text of Judgments  9. THE NETHERLANDS
   Gerard-René de Groot
9.1. PENDING CASE 2: Dutch twins? 
9.1.1. Case description  10. SPAIN
   Guayasén Marrero González
10.1. CASE 17: Temporary residence permit on the grounds of exceptional circumstances (social         integration)
10.1.1. Text of the judgement 
10.1.2. Case Note  11. UNITED KINGDOM
11.1. PENDING CASE 3: A British Vietnamese involved in terrorism? 
11.1.1. Appeal: Court of Appeal of England and Wales 
11.1.2. Final appeal: Supreme Court – case description  12. EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
   Gerard-René de Groot
12.1. PENDING CASE 4: A Maltese husband of Egyptian origin 
12.1.1. Case description 
12.1.2. Comments 

ANNEX 1.
Guidelines Involuntary Loss of European Citizenship (ILEC Guidelines 2015) 
Gerard-René de Groot, Maarten Peter Vink and Patrick Wautelet REFERENCES AND SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 
 

Forthcoming Publications

image1

Terrorisme
A. Fransen, J. Kerkhofs en P.A.M. Verrest

België en Nederland zijn de afgelopen jaren geconfronteerd met een ernstige dreiging van terrorisme. De aanslagen in Brussel op 22 maart 2016 hebben op een gruwelijke wijze laten zien wat gebeurt als die dreiging uitmondt in niets ontziende aanslagen op onze samenleving. Het materieel strafrecht is sinds 2001 aangepast om terrorisme beter te kunnen bestrijden. Die aanpassing heeft in Nederland en België plaatsgevonden grotendeels aan de hand van dezelfde EU- en andere internationale instrumenten. In de NVVS-preadviezen wordt die ontwikkeling beschreven en vervolgens uitvoerig ingegaan op de werking van het materiële strafrecht ter bestrijding van terrorisme in België en Nederland. Het uitgebreide overzicht van wetgeving en haar toepassing in concrete strafzaken is voor de rechtspraktijk in beide landen instructief. Het specifieke belang van de preadviezen is voorts dat zij een vergelijking mogelijk maken van het Belgische en Nederlandse recht. Want hoewel er sprake is van veel overeenkomsten, bestaan er ook verschillen in de werking van het materieel strafrecht gericht op de bestrijding van terrorisme. De preadviezen monden uit in een op België en Nederland gezamenlijk en op de landen individueel betrekking hebbende conclusie, alsmede enkele stellingen voor discussie.  

image1

Forgiveness in criminal law through incorporating restorative mediation
Jacques Claessen

In this monograph, the author argues for the integration of the concept of forgiveness into criminal law through incorporating restorative justice practices such as victim-offender mediation. Although forgiveness is not a purpose in itself nor can it be enforced, criminal law should provide room for forgiveness. Contrary to retribution, in the sense of channelled revenge, forgiveness has, after all, proven its practical usefulness in conflict resolution and in paving the way for reconciliation. The author contends that it is about time that criminal law is aimed at peace-making. This will inevitably entail significant changes to substantive and procedural criminal law. Ultimately, morality, law and politics should focus on achieving a harmonious, peaceful and, wherever possible, non-violent society. Civilisation is about more than merely substituting unbridled revenge by channelled revenge (retribution). The ideals glimmering on the horizon are repaying evil with goodness, restoration and forgiveness. This monograph discusses the views of several ethicists, philosophers, theologians, psychologists and legal scholars and seeks to provide answers to the following questions: what is forgiveness? How is it brought about? Are retribution and forgiveness each other’s opposites? Why is forgiveness important? Which view of mankind does it reflect? Does forgiveness belong to the public domain? How can it be shaped to fit into the criminal justice system? And what role does restorative justice play in this regard? Dr. Jacques Claessen (Maastricht, 1980) is an Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the Department of Criminal law and Criminology of the Faculty of Law at Maastricht University and serves as a substitute judge at the Limburg District Court in Maastricht, the Netherlands. In 2012, he was awarded with the very first Bianchi Restorative Justice Prize. Forewords by dr. John Blad, former Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the Faculty of Law of Erasmus University Rotterdam, and Nico Tydeman, Zen teacher and spiritual leader of the Amsterdam Zen Centre.

image1

Corruption and Human Rights
André T. D. Figueiredo

Some scholars and even human rights monitoring bodies have started to make the connection between corruption and human rights violations. When asked about this connection, most people easily picture a country ruled by a dictator who steals public money to support his luxury life while the population suffers from the lack of essential public services, such as healthcare and education. The connection in itself is appealing. Nonetheless, sometimes this connection is made without the proper concern for fully developing the argument and its consequences. The purpose of this study is to go beyond this appealing link and to clarify the argument that making an explicit link with human rights has indeed added value. Framing corruption as a human rights violation cannot be an end in itself, a pure exercise of relabeling the problem. This study aims to give a practical significance to the connection by addressing, in a non-exhaustive way, the practical value of framing corruption as a human rights violation and the possibilities in which international human rights law can be used to strengthen the fight against corruption. By doing so, this book also presents how UN human rights bodies are referring to corruption, and how they could contribute more to fighting this global problem. This book is an adapted version of the author's LL.M. thesis presented at Radboud University in June 2016,where he graduated cum laude after being the recipient of a scholarship.

Recent Publications

image1

Detentie van asielzoekers
Wouter van der Spek, Evelien Flikweer en Ashley Terlouw

Als een vreemdeling, in bewaring of tijdens ophouding, een asielaanvraag indient ‘louter om uitzetting te verijdelen’, kan hij in bewaring worden gesteld op grond van artikel 59b Vreemdelingenwet. In dit boek wordt verslag ge-daan van een onderzoek naar de wijze waarop de Nederlandse overheid deze bepaling toepast bij eerste aanvragers asiel en hoe het systeem van rechtsbe-scherming functioneert.  Om deze vragen te beantwoorden, zijn 26 interviews afgenomen met be-trokkenen: ambtenaren van AVIM, KMar, IND en DT&V, advocaten en rechters, academici en belangenbehartigers en is een archiefonderzoek verricht naar 74 bewaringstrajecten van gedetineerde asielzoekers. Daarnaast is het rele-vante internationale en nationale recht geanalyseerd en is nagegaan of de praktijk hiermee in overeenstemming is. Niet-oprechtheid van de asielaanvraag, uitzetbaarheid en eventuele crimine-le antecedenten spelen een voorname rol bij inbewaringstelling. De meeste betrokken ambtenaren hebben weinig ervaring met de regeling en beschou-wen deze als complex. Zij beslissen of een lichter middel dan bewaring mo-gelijk is en genieten daarin grote discretie. Mede daarom beschrijven som-mige ambtenaren deze beslissing als een kwestie van gevoel. Het systeem van rechtsbescherming vertoont gebreken. Ook advocaten beschikken over te weinig ervaring met - en kennis van de regeling. Rechters bewaken het ultimum remedium karakter van vreemdelingenbewaring onvoldoende.  De uitkomsten van het onderzoek zien primair op detentie van asielzoekers, maar hebben ook belangrijke implicaties voor vreemdelingenbewaring in brede zin.

€ 34.95 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel

image1

Overview of the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights 2016
Registry of ECHR

Every year, the European Court of Human Rights delivers a large number of judgments and an even greater number of decisions, thus adding to its already formidable body of case-law. This can make it difficult for people outside the Court to know which cases break new ground or address new issues. An increasingly important aspect of the Court’s work has thus become to identify such cases and to disseminate them in a convenient and accessible format. The annual Overview series, available in English and French, seeks to respond to that need by focusing on the most important cases the Court deals with each year. All the cases are selected by the Court’s Jurisconsult’s Directorate on the basis of their jurisprudential interest. In addition to the cases chosen for publication in the Court’s Reports of Judgments and Decisions, they include a number of other cases that raise issues of general interest, establish new principles, or develop or clarify the case-law. The approach has been to draw attention to the salient points, allowing the reader to appreciate the jurisprudential significance of a particular case.

€ 34.95 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel

image1

Monitor Wsnp
S.L. Peters & L. Combrink-Kuiters

De Raad voor Rechtsbijstand heeft een aantal wettelijke taken in het kader van de Wet schuldsanering natuurlijke personen (Wsnp). Bureau Wsnp in ’s-Hertogenbosch is verantwoordelijk voor de uitvoering van deze taken. In augustus 2005 verscheen de eerste Wsnp-monitor. Dit jaarlijks uit te brengen instrument heeft als doel de effectiviteit van de Wsnp te monitoren. Deze dertiende meting van de Wsnp-monitor vormt een actualisering van de in 2016 verschenen twaalfde meting. 

webdesign by Robiz.nl Webdesign & Webhosting Oisterwijk