The Lockerbie Trial - volume 4

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The Lockerbie Trial - volume 4
International Courts and Tribunals Cases Series

Pages: 586 pages
Shipping Weight: 1100 gram
Published: 03-2011
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (hardcover) : 9789058870469
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058870476





Product Description
No aircraft disaster in history has produced the amount of legal wrangling as the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, on Dec. 21, 1988, in which 259 passengers and crew members and 11 people on the ground were killed.

The fuselage of the aircraft was reconstructed by air accident investigators, revealing a 20-inch (510 mm) hole consistent with an explosion in the forward cargo hold. Examination of the baggage containers revealed that the container nearest the hole had blackening, pitting, and severe damage indicating a “high-energy event” had taken place inside it. A series of test explosions were carried out to confirm the precise location and quantity of explosive used.

The Lockerbie families wanted justice in the name of their relatives that died in the aircraft, but only in 1996 did the U.S. Administration and Congress amend the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act with the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act that allowed civil actions against Libya. Libya was finally served, under the provisions of the act, in 1997, and answered the complaints, asserting in its answers that the underlying statute was unconstitutional. One area of the Lockerbie litigation was the unusual use by Libya of an international treaty called “The Montreal Convention of 1971 for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation.” The purpose of this treaty was to prevent attacks against civil aircraft and provide for cooperation between countries when there has been such an attack and to provide appropriate measures to punish offenders. It was not meant to give jurisdiction over criminal proceedings to the country of the alleged wrongdoer.



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