Human Rights & Humanitarian law
|Caught in Between Borders|
Paul Minderhoud, Sandra Mantu & Karin Zwaan (eds)
"Caught in between borders: citizens, migrants and humans" reflects the fact that the same individual can be a citizen, a migrant or a human being within the same borders and that this categorization can change just like that. This title captures not only the academic fascination of professor Elspeth Guild for borders but also, to a certain extent, the life of Elspeth herself. The book contains 33 scientific contributions by (former) colleagues, PhD students and friends of Elspeth Guild, all of whom have had a special connection with the Centre for Migration Law (CMR). The contributions are divided into five categories: borders, citizens, migrants, asylum and the global compact on migration. They reflect the versatility of the work and interest of professor Elspeth Guild, who was professor of European Migration Law from 2001-2019 at the Faculty of Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
€ 79.95 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel
|And I Live On|
Anne-Marie de Brouwer, Sandra Ka Hon Chu, Eef je de Volder & Samer Muscati
In the 100 days of genocide that ravaged the small East Central African nation of Rwanda between April and July 1994, approximately 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu were killed, and an estimated 250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were raped, as well as an unknown number of men and boys. Almost all Rwandan women who survived the genocide were victims of sexual violence or were profoundly affected by it, and an astounding 70 per cent of survivors are living with hiv. And I Live On features searing testimonials from Rwandan survivors of the genocide15 and 25 years after the horrific events of 1994. Through their narratives and Samer Muscati’s powerful portraits, these women and one man bear witness to the crimes committed in their country and to the suffering they continue to endure. The testimonials also showcase the survivors’ extraordinary strength, courage and resilience—challenging the stigma they face both as survivors of sexual violence and as people living with hiv. In speaking out, they provide a glimpse into the worlds of survivors living with the genocide’s legacy decades after a conflict. Their stories, along with the accompanying text and illustrations, make an indelible impact. About the authors Anne-Marie de Brouwer works in the field of international criminal justice, conflict-related sexual violence, human trafficking and victims’ rights at Impact: Center against Human Trafficking and Sexual Violence in Conflict. She is the co-founder of Mukomeze. Sandra Ka Hon Chu is the Director of Research and Advocacy at the Canadian hiv/aids Legal Network, where she works on hiv-related human rights issues concerning prisons, drug policy, sex work, women and immigration. Eefje de Volder is an anthropologist and lawyer working in the field of human trafficking, victims’ rights and conflict-related sexual violence at Impact: Center against Human Trafficking and Sexual Violence in Conflict. Samer Muscati is a Canadian lawyer, documentary photographer and former journalist. As a senior researcher for Human Rights Watch, he focused on women’s rights in conflict zones. He runs the International Human Rights program at University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law. For more information on the project, presentation of the book and events please contact: impact-now.org REVIEWS OF THE BOOK “If the designation of survivor resonates over the miserable label of victim, then these lives that persist, strengthen, must continue to speak, loudly.” Patricia Viseur Sellers, Special Advisor on Gender to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and former Gender Legal Advisor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda “Graphically, and without doubt, this book makes the case that rape is no lesser a crime than murder.” Lieutenant-General (ret) The Honorable Roméo Dallaire “Survivors choose to tell their stories in the hope that others will hear. These searing testimonials of inconsolable anguish and awe-inspiring resilience will change you forever and spark you to act to honour dignity.” Dr. James Orbinski, former international president of Doctors without Borders/msf and author of An Imperfect Offering
“The survivors of unspeakably brutal sexual violence managed to leave their past in the past. They realized it would destroy their future. With incredible strength they managed to live for what today has to offer, not for what the terrible past has taken away. This book tells us how they returned the smiles to their faces and the hope in their hearts.” Patrick Cammaert, Assistant Secretary-General, Head of UNMHA
“This book is about moving beyond surviving into becoming victors. It reminds us that while their pain and abuse will remain remarkable, their testimonials and current situation is what resilience and courage mean. This is what the commitment to remember, unite and renew yields.” Dr. Usta Kaitesi, Acting ceo, Rwanda Governance Board
“And I Live On: The Resilience of Rwandan Genocide Survivors of Sexual Violence is an exemplary contribution to genocide studies and advances public understanding of genocide. It is a distinct contribution to many disciplines including genocide studies, sociology, history, conflict resolution and human rights. The book is also a testament to the editors’ and photographer’s vision of the consequential role we all have in contributing to a more compassionate and just world. Pioneering allies
to survivors, they serve as an example to us all.” Dr. Kimberley Ducey, Associate Professor, The University of Winnipeg
|Aperçu de la Jurisprudence de la Cour Européenne des droits de l’homme 2016|
Greffe de la Cour Européenne des droits de l’homme
Chaque année, la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme rend de multiples arrêts et un nombre plus élevé encore de décisions, alimentant ainsi sa jurisprudence déjà fort impressionnante. Une personne extérieure à la Cour peut dès lors avoir du mal à déterminer quelles sont les affaires qui marquent un tournant ou qui traitent de nouvelles questions. Un aspect du travail de la Cour auquel une attention croissante est accordée consiste donc à repérer ces affaires et à les diffuser dans un format pratique et accessible. L’objet de cette série, Aperçu de la jurisprudence, disponible en français et en anglais, est de répondre à ce besoin en se concentrant sur les affaires les plus importantes qui sont traitées chaque année par la Cour. Celles-ci sont sélectionnées par la Direction du jurisconsulte de la Cour en fonction de leur intérêt jurisprudentiel. Outre les affaires choisies pour publication dans le Recueil des arrêts et décisions de la Cour, ce corpus contient des affaires qui soulèvent des questions d’intérêt général, qui posent de nouveaux principes ou qui développent ou précisent la jurisprudence. Il s’agit de faire ressortir les aspects saillants de telle ou telle affaire, pour permettre au lecteur d’en saisir la portée jurisprudentielle.
€ 34.95 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel
|Detentie van asielzoekers|
Wouter van der Spek, Evelien Flikweer en Ashley Terlouw
Als een vreemdeling, in bewaring of tijdens ophouding, een asielaanvraag indient ‘louter om uitzetting te verijdelen’, kan hij in bewaring worden gesteld op grond van artikel 59b Vreemdelingenwet. In dit boek wordt verslag ge-daan van een onderzoek naar de wijze waarop de Nederlandse overheid deze bepaling toepast bij eerste aanvragers asiel en hoe het systeem van rechtsbe-scherming functioneert. Om deze vragen te beantwoorden, zijn 26 interviews afgenomen met be-trokkenen: ambtenaren van AVIM, KMar, IND en DT&V, advocaten en rechters, academici en belangenbehartigers en is een archiefonderzoek verricht naar 74 bewaringstrajecten van gedetineerde asielzoekers. Daarnaast is het rele-vante internationale en nationale recht geanalyseerd en is nagegaan of de praktijk hiermee in overeenstemming is. Niet-oprechtheid van de asielaanvraag, uitzetbaarheid en eventuele crimine-le antecedenten spelen een voorname rol bij inbewaringstelling. De meeste betrokken ambtenaren hebben weinig ervaring met de regeling en beschou-wen deze als complex. Zij beslissen of een lichter middel dan bewaring mo-gelijk is en genieten daarin grote discretie. Mede daarom beschrijven som-mige ambtenaren deze beslissing als een kwestie van gevoel. Het systeem van rechtsbescherming vertoont gebreken. Ook advocaten beschikken over te weinig ervaring met - en kennis van de regeling. Rechters bewaken het ultimum remedium karakter van vreemdelingenbewaring onvoldoende. De uitkomsten van het onderzoek zien primair op detentie van asielzoekers, maar hebben ook belangrijke implicaties voor vreemdelingenbewaring in brede zin.
€ 34.95 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel
|Migration and Religious Freedom|
Carolus Grütters and Dario Dzananovic (eds.)
On 9 and 10 February 2017, experts from various backgrounds joined in a seminar organized by the Centre for Migration Law, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence at Radboud University, Nijmegen in the Netherlands. The seminar focused on issues culminating at the intersection of migration, law and religion. We aimed to identify the arguments that drive the discussion in situations presenting a conflict of state law and religious norms in the context of migration. Or, in biblical terms, is there an inherent conflict between Romans 13 (submission to governing authorities) and Matthew 25 (love the stranger), and if so, how is this conflict addressed? In this book, we have included the key contributions to the seminar, thematically organized around four topics: (1) Religious Social Thought; (2) Application of religious freedom; (3) Comparative analysis of religious freedom laws; and (4) Practitioners’ views. We hope this book will crystallize the arguments and drive further discussion on the important issues resulting from the interplay of migration, law and religion.
€ 39.95 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel
|Overview of the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights 2016|
Registry of ECHR
Every year, the European Court of Human Rights delivers a large number of judgments and an even greater number of decisions, thus adding to its already formidable body of case-law. This can make it difficult for people outside the Court to know which cases break new ground or address new issues. An increasingly important aspect of the Court’s work has thus become to identify such cases and to disseminate them in a convenient and accessible format. The annual Overview series, available in English and French, seeks to respond to that need by focusing on the most important cases the Court deals with each year. All the cases are selected by the Court’s Jurisconsult’s Directorate on the basis of their jurisprudential interest. In addition to the cases chosen for publication in the Court’s Reports of Judgments and Decisions, they include a number of other cases that raise issues of general interest, establish new principles, or develop or clarify the case-law. The approach has been to draw attention to the salient points, allowing the reader to appreciate the jurisprudential significance of a particular case.
€ 34.95 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel
|Footprints of the 20th Century - Third Edition|
F.A.M. Alting von Geusau
The story of European Unification is fascinating. In 1950, two sworn enemies – France and Germany – decide to seek reconciliation and European federal unity. As a first step, they created the European Coal and Steel Community together with Italy and the Benelux countries. The fathers of this new Europe were visionary persons. Does today`s student or scholar still know who Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer, Alcide de Gasperi or Willem Beyen were and what they stood for? At the time, the United Kingdom refused the invitation to join such a federal project. Under American pressure they asked for admission in 1961, entered in 1973 without ever accepting the federal project and decided to leave in March 2017 after a small majority voted for Brexit in June 2016. What began as a process of reconciliation between two enemies – France and Germany – became a peaceful enlargement of the European Union to twenty-eight Member States. The division of Europe between a Soviet dominated East and a Euro-Atlantic West is no more. This volume not only tells a success story. It also makes us understand why after more than sixty years the Germans lack the solidarity and the French the political vision to turn the Euro-crisis into true progress towards unity. Against the background of Europe`s long and turbulent history, this book may also help to understand why it is so difficult to overcome nationalism and to practice the virtue of solidarity so central to the Christian source of Europe as a civilization. Since the successful and peaceful revolution in 1989 ended the division of Europe and the bipolar nuclear stalemate, we collectively entered the brave new world of organised forgetting. Nevertheless, the footprints of that past century are still all around. This series is intended to identify, to explain and to remember, because the more things are said to change, the more things appear to remain the same. We must therefore learn from history if only to avoid repeating a few of the blunders of the past century. Prof. Jhr.Dr. Frans A.M.Alting von Geusau (1933) is professor (em.) of International Law and Western Cooperation at Tilburg University and Leiden University.
|Footprints of the 20th Century - Third Edition|
F.A.M. Alting von Geusau
For the study of international relations, knowledge of the history of Western Cooperation in the Twentieth Century is essential. The third volume reviews the broader history from America’s entry in the First World War in 1917 and the start of the American Era in international relations one hundred years ago, to the inauguration of President Trump in 2017.
The American Era in world politics may well have come to its final end, when US President Donald Trump and British Prime Minister Theresa May agreed to build a new special, bilateral relationship on “America First” and “Global Britain”. The Atlantic Charter (1941) founded the special relationship between the United States and Great Britain, for that purpose. In reality, the special relationship was instrumental in creating the system of successful Western cooperation, characterized by new multilateral institutions – exactly the opposite of what President Trump and Prime Minister May had in mind for their special bilateral relationship, when they met in January 2017.
This volume on “Western Cooperation” deals with the American era in world politics, characterised by the creation of such international institutions as the League of Nations, the United Nations, ILO, IBRD, IMF and UNESCO. NATO, the principal subject of Part II in this volume, was considered to be the cornerstone of the Alliance of democracies since the onset of the Cold War.
In Part II, developments are examined in a circumscribed period – from the outbreak of the First World War in July 1914 to the celebration of NATO’s Sixtieth Anniversary on 4 April 2009, and the New Epilogue covers until the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the United States in January 2017.
Since the successful and peaceful revolution in 1989 ended the division of Europe and the bipolar nuclear stalemate, we collectively entered the brave new world of organised forgetting. Nevertheless, the footprints of that past century are still all around. This series is intended to identify, to explain and to remember, because the more things are said to change, the more things appear to remain the same. We must therefore learn from history if only to avoid repeating a few of the blunders of the past century.
Prof. Jhr.Dr. Frans A.M. Alting von Geusau (1933) is professor (em.) of International Law and Western Cooperation at Tilburg University and Leiden University.
|Footprints of the 20th Century - Third Edition |
F.A.M. Alting von Geusau
Since 1989, we refer to the whole post-war period as the “Cold War Era”. Such was not the case in 1968. At the time, the Cold War – in our perception – was behind us. We no longer felt to be in the midst of it. Europeans on the Western side of the Iron Curtain0 felt relatively at ease with Europe’s division. The era of Détente as we called it, was0 considered to be a fairly stable and long-lasting political condition, even after Soviet tanks crushed Dubcek’s socialism with a human face in Prague.
A strange year it was… 1968. Academic interest was focused on the war in Vietnam, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, the French Gaullist challenge to the European Communities and the student revolt in Paris. The Western democracies promoted the process of détente on the basis of three political illusions. They assumed that common institutions between East and West would generate a sense of common interest in European security, facilitating negotiated solutions of outstanding problems. They expected East-West economic cooperation to promote reform from above in the East, towards more open societies. They hoped to foster democracy and respect for human
rights through cooperation in the cultural and human dimension. By 1989 all three of them had proven to be illusions. The end of the Soviet system came as a complete surprise to most politicians and to all Western advocates of détente in the Nineteen Eighties. The so-called dissidents won a peaceful victory over the one-party, repressive regimes in the East and helped to end the post-war division of Europe. Obviously, neither the (now former) communists nor the advocates of détente ever admitted their wrong. So they went all into the business of proclaiming a new era as a continuation of the old one. The greatest catastrophe of the Twentieth Century was Lenin`s creation of totalitarian Soviet Russia at the end of the Great War and not its collapse at the end0 of the Cold War, as president Putin said in 2005. This volume particularly challenges the past illusions of détente and the present approach of organized forgetting the past.
Since the successful and peaceful revolution in 1989 ended the division of Europe and the bipolar nuclear stalemate, we collectively entered the brave new world of organised forgetting. Nevertheless, the footprints of that past century are still all around. This0 series is intended to identify, to explain and to remember, because the more things are0 said to change, the more things appear to remain the same. We must therefore learn from history if only to avoid repeating a few of the blunders of the past century.
Prof. Jhr.Dr. Frans A.M.Alting von Geusau (1933) is professor (em.) of International Law and Western Cooperation at Tilburg University and Leiden University.
|Volume I - Cultural Diplomacy: Waging War by other Means|
F.A.M. Alting von Geusau
The peaceful collapse of the Soviet totalitarian, communist system has been a watershed of historic proportions in Europe and the world. In 1989, unexpectedly, Communism and the Cold War were behind us, they were bad and should be forgotten. The immediate post-1989 world presented itself as a new era of organised forgetting, as neither East nor West were interested in examining the prolonged period of acquiescence in absurdities. The Berlin Wall, paramount symbol of absurdity, had to be erased from the face of the earth and the memory of the people. Only much later have we become aware how much the heritage of repression and division still dominates our thinking. The principal organisations of Western and European cooperation have been enlarged Eastward, but the fruits of peaceful, spiritual revolution have turned sour. Far too little has changed for the better and far too many old habits have survived. For the question asked in this volume: Is bilateral cultural diplomacy waging war with other means? There still is no good answer. The surprise of 1989 has apparently paralyzed policies thereafter. Despite resounding declarations and non-binding resolutions on a new order, there was no vision, no strategy and no clear purpose. The basic approach was “more of the same”. Cultural diplomacy had no priority and budgets were cut in Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since the successful and peaceful revolution in 1989 ended the division of Europe and the bipolar nuclear stalemate, we collectively entered the brave new world of organised forgetting. Nevertheless, the footprints of that past century are still all around. This series is intended to identify, to explain and to remember, because the more things are said to change, the more things appear to remain the same. We must therefore learn from history if only to avoid repeating a few of the blunders of the past century. Prof. Jhr.Dr. Frans A.M.Alting von Geusau (1933) is professor (em.) of International Law and Western Cooperation at Tilburg University and Leiden University.
A. Fransen, J. Kerkhofs en P.A.M. Verrest
België en Nederland zijn de afgelopen jaren geconfronteerd met een ernstige dreiging van terrorisme. De aanslagen in Brussel op 22 maart 2016 hebben op een gruwelijke wijze laten zien wat gebeurt als die dreiging uitmondt in niets ontziende aanslagen op onze samenleving. Het materieel strafrecht is sinds 2001 aangepast om terrorisme beter te kunnen bestrijden. Die aanpassing heeft in Nederland en België plaatsgevonden grotendeels aan de hand van dezelfde EU- en andere internationale instrumenten. In de NVVS-preadviezen wordt die ontwikkeling beschreven en vervolgens uitvoerig ingegaan op de werking van het materiële strafrecht ter bestrijding van terrorisme in België en Nederland. Het uitgebreide overzicht van wetgeving en haar toepassing in concrete strafzaken is voor de rechtspraktijk in beide landen instructief. Het specifieke belang van de preadviezen is voorts dat zij een vergelijking mogelijk maken van het Belgische en Nederlandse recht. Want hoewel er sprake is van veel overeenkomsten, bestaan er ook verschillen in de werking van het materieel strafrecht gericht op de bestrijding van terrorisme. De preadviezen monden uit in een op België en Nederland gezamenlijk en op de landen individueel betrekking hebbende conclusie, alsmede enkele stellingen voor discussie.
|The many Faces of Crime for Profit and Ways of Tackling it|
Petrus C. van Duyne,Jackie Harvey,Georgios A. Antonopoulos, Klaus von Lampe (eds.)
The national diversity of Europe is reflected in the diversity of its criminal landscape and history. From the north of Scotland to Ukraine one finds different focal points and patterns of crimes and criminal entrepreneurs. This does not necessarily lead to a corresponding reaction of the authorities. Some responses are the result of a gradually developed form of cross-border cooperation, as is the case between Poland and Germany, other authorities appear carried away with emotional decision making and an inflexible political correctness as is observed in the field of the sex service industry. In another country, in the adjacent field of child trafficking, we find the converse: no response as victims are not labelled as such. And no victim label, no criminal law policy. Where the interactions between the upper- and underworld come into sight, this volume presents the reader with a select picture gallery of criminal faces: from corrupt football to remarkable criminal finances in Ukraine, to fraud and criminal abuse in the informal or quack health sector. Naturally, each face has its own pretences in order to hide its criminal background, be it large scale cannabis growing in the Netherlands or organised cybercrime from Romania to all countries in Europe. Indeed, the criminal portrait series in this Cross-border Crime Volume shows that criminal Europe does not lead to a boring uniformity, despite the fear of globalism. This sixteenth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium contains the seventeen peer-reviewed contributions of 26 authors presented in 2016 at the Cross-border Crime Colloquium held at Northumbria University, Newcastle. The authors represent upcoming experts and established researchers in the field of (organised) crime for profit and related policies. The contributions are based on empirical research and independent analysis and provide new data and insights on which to build new theories and future research.
|Direct International Human Rights Obligations of non-State Actors|
In this book, addressing the reality that non-state actors do violate human rights in practice, which cannot be overlooked, Prof. Nicolás Carrillo-Santarelli argues that the foundations and main principles of international human rights law call for the regulation of direct nonstate obligations and responsibilities, given the potential failure of domestic actions and the limits of voluntary strategies. In part I, the author presents his ideas on why non-state abuses should be regarded as human rights violations and wrongful acts. In this sense, Chapter 1 explores why the protection of human dignity, being non-conditional, cannot depend on the presence of a State abuser. Chapter 2 explores the idea that every conduct contrary to human rights has legal relevance and requires a correlative appropriate legal response. Chapter 3 reinforces the previous ideas in light of the peremptory principle of non-discrimination; with Chapter 4 providing suggestions on when direct international action should take place. Part II, afterwards, studies why direct protection from non-state violations is possible and what legal mechanisms and institutions permit to make it effective. In Chapter 5, the author argues that the notion of international legal personality is not an obstacle since regarding addressees as subjects highlights the possibility of there being direct non-state international duties, which would not weaken existing human rights protections. Chapter 6 presents the argument that there are already implied human rights obligations of non-state actors, and that complementary obligations should be created. Chapter 7 explores the idea that non-state responsibility can coexist with that of other participants in violations, and that non-state responsibility is often a precondition of full reparations. The fi nal Chapter turns to the examination of the mechanisms that can be used to respond to or prevent non-state violations of human rights law. The book is based on the idea that the protagonists of human rights law are individuals, who deserve protection from all abusers, be them States, armed groups, international organizations, or other actors. Nicolás Carrillo-Santarelli has a PhD in International Law and International Relations from the Autónoma de Madrid University and is currently Associate Professor of International Law at La Sabana University, Colombia.
|Humanitarian Intervention as an Exception to the Prohibition on the Use of Force|
The core objective of the United Nations is to strive towards peace and security in international community. Recent flows of refugees to Europe have led to wonder how the international community could help both people facing abuses of their fundamental rights, and also European countries to which they are immigrating. However, since 1945, the use of force has been prohibited with no mention of interventions for humanitarian purposes. The question remains, when unauthorised humanitarian intervention as a last resort measure can be justified in a world of jus cogens prohibition of the use of force. In public international law, new rules of customary law emerge through sufficient State practice and opinio juris, therefore it might turn out that humanitarian interventions will be justified under customary international law. Always when concerned with the protection of human rights, specific criteria shall be drawn in order to prevent abuses. The present book is a master thesis, which is going to answer the question of justifiability of the use of force for humanitarian purposes without the United Nations Security Council approval, drawn from Iraq and Kosovo cases, and evolving customary international law. “If humanitarian intervention is indeed an unacceptable assault on sovereignty, how should we respond to a Rwanda, to a Srebrenica – to gross and systematic violations of human rights that offend every precept of our common humanity?” (Kofi Annan, Millennium Report of Secretary-General of the United Nations, 2000)
|Corruption and Human Rights|
André T. D. Figueiredo
Some scholars and even human rights monitoring bodies have started to make the connection between corruption and human rights violations. When asked about this connection, most people easily picture a country ruled by a dictator who steals public money to support his luxury life while the population suffers from the lack of essential public services, such as healthcare and education. The connection in itself is appealing. Nonetheless, sometimes this connection is made without the proper concern for fully developing the argument and its consequences. The purpose of this study is to go beyond this appealing link and to clarify the argument that making an explicit link with human rights has indeed added value. Framing corruption as a human rights violation cannot be an end in itself, a pure exercise of relabeling the problem. This study aims to give a practical significance to the connection by addressing, in a non-exhaustive way, the practical value of framing corruption as a human rights violation and the possibilities in which international human rights law can be used to strengthen the fight against corruption. By doing so, this book also presents how UN human rights bodies are referring to corruption, and how they could contribute more to fighting this global problem. This book is an adapted version of the author's LL.M. thesis presented at Radboud University in June 2016,where he graduated cum laude after being the recipient of a scholarship.
|The World’s Stateless|
Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion
International law protects the right of every child to acquire a nationality. Yet, childhood statelessness pervades all regions of the world. At least a third of the 15 million people who face life without a nationality today, are children. And, every ten minutes, another child is born stateless. The disconnect between the recognition of nationality as a fundamental child right and the reality of childhood statelessness presents a massive challenge, but also opens up a wealth of opportunities. Childhood statelessness is entirely preventable. It is never in a child’s best interests to be stateless, nor is it ever a child’s “fault” if they are left without nationality. We are proud to devote this edition of our flagship report, The World’s Stateless 2017, to exploring the urgency of and opportunities for addressing childhood statelessness. Over 50 experts and organisations have contributed material – essays, interviews, photographs and more. Collectively, they deal with a multitude of different dimensions of childhood statelessness, with chapters exploring the right to a nationality, challenges in the context of migration and displacement, the significance of the Sustainable Development Agenda, the mechanics of safeguards against statelessness for children, and litigation, legal assistance and other forms of moblisation as strategies to tackle childhood statelessness. As with every edition of The World’s Stateless, this publication also offers a more general overview of the state of statelessness globally in 2017. The Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion is an independent non-profit organisation, committed to ending statelessness and disenfranchisement through the promotion of human rights, participation and inclusion. For more information about our work, please visit www.institutesi.org.
|Onderwijs in Nederlands-Indië|
Dit boek is een studie over een aspect van het constitutionele recht voor Nederlands-Indië, en wel over het onderwijs in Nederlands-Indië in de periode 1602-1942. Het boek geeft een beschrijving van dit aspect en beoogt het aspect te typeren. Om de beschrijving en de typering begrijpelijk te maken gaat aan de studie over onderwijs in Nederlands-Indië een korte behandeling vooraf van algemene kenmerken van constitutioneel recht voor Nederlands-Indië. N.S. Efthymiou is universitair docent staatsrecht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
|Onze manier van straffen|
Theo W.A. de Wit, Reijer J. de Vries, Niels den Toom (red.)
Elke samenleving kent de praktijk van het straffen, beginnend bij de straf als een voorzichtige pedagogische koestering om je kind iets bij te brengen tot aan de meest draconische straffen en de defi nitieve straf: de doodstraf. Maar er bestaat ook zoiets als een – altijd voorlopige – gedeelde manier van straffen. Geestelijk verzorgers in gevangenissen en andere inrichtingen van justitie staan vanwege hun werk dichtbij gedetineerde mensen. Zij maken ‘onze manier van straffen’ dus van nabij mee. Wat valt je dan op aan de wijze van straffen die wij als samenleving normaal of minstens acceptabel vinden? Onze manier van straffen bevat zes essays van geestelijk verzorgers werkzaam bij justitie, essays die voortkomen uit een learning community van geestelijk verzorgers. Onder begeleiding van prof. dr. Theo de Wit, stafl id van het Centrum voor Justitiepastoraat, daag den zij elkaar uit om scherp onder woorden te brengen wat onze strafmethoden inhouden, wat zij met mensen doet, en welke rol zij zelf spelen als onderdeel van dit strafsysteem. Wie de essays overziet, constateert dat hier zes auteurs aan het woord zijn, die vanuit een intiem en vaak langdurig contact met de detentiewerkelijkheid evenzovele dimensies van de gevangenisstraf als geleefde ervaring beschrijven. Ze gaan over het isolement waarin je als gedetineerde terecht komt, over vernedering als onlosmakelijk onderdeel van straf, over afhankelijkheid, over het jargon van de tbs, over levenslang, en over een vorm van vrijheid die je als gedetineerde toch houdt. De essays zijn geschreven vanuit een attitude die je nog het best kunt omschrijven als een combinatie van empathie, mededogen en realisme. De geestelijk verzorgers beschouwen zich als deel van het collectief waarnaar wordt gewezen in de uitdrukking ‘onze manier van straffen’. Tegelijkertijd achten zij het hun plicht en eisen zij ook het recht op, kritisch na te denken over ons strafsysteem, de evidenties die daarin worden meegenomen en die dag na dag worden gereproduceerd en overgedragen, alsmede hun eigen rol daarbij. Deze bundel is een uitgave van het Centrum voor Justitiepastoraat (CJP). Het CJP is een samenwerking tussen de Protestantste Theologische Universiteit en de Universiteit van Tilburg. Het centrum verricht wetenschappelijk onderzoek en biedt onderwijs op het terrein van het justitiepastoraat.
|FRONTEX and the EBCGA|
With this book, Amélie Poméon won the Hanneke Steenbergen Scriptie Prijs 2016 (prize for the best master thesis in the field of migration law in the Netherlands for the year 2015/2016). Hanneke Steenbergen taught migration law at the University of Leiden and was highly dedicated to the promotion of migration law education. After her death, a commemorative foundation was established, the primary purpose of which is to award a yearly prize stimulating research and interest in migration law issues. This book discusses the question to what extent Frontex (and, to a more limited degree, its successor, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency) can be held accountable for breaches of EU law acting both inside and outside EU territory. The issues covered include a detailed discussion of Frontex’ tasks and competences, the legal position and status of EU agencies, agency accountability and the distinction between the notions of accountability and responsibility as well as the extraterritorial applicability of EU law. It also addresses the question whether an individual complaint mechanism can and should be introduced within the Agency’s setup. “Amélie provides with her thesis an almost encyclopedic document about Frontex, the European Agency for management of operational cooperation at the external borders of the European Union. Frontex plays an important role in protecting external borders and therefore has a direct impact on many people’s lives. […] Worth mentioning is that she took an interesting approach by incorporating interviews with various experts on the ground. […] So, a very thorough piece of work on a problem that maintains to be in the forefront of every ones attention.” Jury report Hanneke Steenbergen scriptieprijs 2016